The Ten Commandments

The First Commandment

You shall have no other gods.

What does this mean?

-- Answer.

We should fear, love, and trust in God above all things.

(Go deeper with The Large Catechism - The First Commandment)


The Second Commandment

You shall not use the name of the Lord, your God, in vain.

What does this mean?

-- Answer.

We should fear and love God that we may not curse, swear, use witchcraft, lie, or deceive by His name, but call upon it in every trouble, pray, praise, and give thanks.

(Go deeper with The Large Catechism - The Second Commandment)


The Third Commandment

You shall sanctify the holy-day.

What does this mean?

-- Answer.

We should fear and love God that we may not despise preaching and His Word, but hold it sacred, and gladly hear and learn it.

(Go deeper with The Large Catechism - The Third Commandment)


The Fourth Commandment

You shall honor your father and your mother that it may be well with you and you may live long upon the earth.

What does this mean?

-- Answer.

We should fear and love God that we may not despise nor anger our parents and masters, but give them honor, serve, obey, and hold them in love and esteem.

(Go deeper with The Large Catechism - The Fourth Commandment)


The Fifth Commandment

You shall not kill.

What does this mean?

-- Answer.

We should fear and love God that we may not hurt nor harm our neighbor in his body, but help and befriend him in every bodily need.

(Go deeper with The Large Catechism - The Fifth Commandment)


The Sixth Commandment

You shall not commit adultery.

What does this mean?

-- Answer.

We should fear and love God that we may lead a chaste and decent life in words and deeds, and each love and honor his spouse.

(Go deeper with The Large Catechism - The Sixth Commandment)


The Seventh Commandment

You shall not steal.

What does this mean?

-- Answer.

We should fear and love God that we may not take our neighbor's money or property, nor get them by false ware or dealing, but help him to improve and protect his property and business that his means are preserved and his condition is improved.

(Go deeper with The Large Catechism - The Seventh Commandment)


The Eight Commandment

You shall not bear false witness against your neighbor.

What does this mean?

-- Answer.

We should fear and love God that we may not deceitfully belie, betray, slander, or defame our neighbor, but defend him, think and speak well of him, and put the best construction on everything.

(Go deeper with The Large Catechism - The Eight Commandment)


The Ninth Commandment

You shall not covet your neighbor's house.

What does this mean?

-- Answer.

We should fear and love God that we may not craftily seek to get our neighbor's inheritance or house, and obtain it by a show of justice and right, etc., but help and be of service to him in keeping it.

(Go deeper with The Large Catechism - The Ninth & Tenth Commandment)


The Tenth Commandment

You shall not covet your neighbor's wife, nor his man-servant, nor his maid-servant, nor his cattle, nor anything that is his.

What does this mean?

-- Answer.

We should fear and love God that we may not estrange, force, or entice away our neighbor's wife, servants, or cattle, but urge them to stay and diligently do their duty.

(Go deeper with The Large Catechism - The Ninth & Tenth Commandment)


Conclusion

What Does God Say of All These Commandments?

-- Answer.

He says thus (Exod. 20:5f):

I the Lord, your God, am a jealous God, visiting the iniquity of the fathers upon the children unto the third and fourth generation of them that hate Me, and showing mercy unto thousands of them that love Me and keep My commandments.

What does this mean?

-- Answer.

God threatens to punish all that transgress these commandments. Therefore we should dread His wrath and not act contrary to these commandments. But He promises grace and every blessing to all that keep these commandments. Therefore we should also love and trust in Him, and gladly do [zealously and diligently order our whole life] according to His commandments.

(Go deeper with The Large Catechism - Conclusion of the Ten Commandments)